# Find the Smallest and Largest Number in Array in C/C++, Java and Python

Here is the program to find the smallest and largest number in the array in C/C++, Java and Python.

I have also added the comment explaining each line of the code. So the code is self explanatory.

#### C/C++ Program

**Prerequisites:**

**C/C++ Code:**

```
#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
//initialize array
int arr[7] = {34, 62, 56, 13, 7, 9, 17};
int i=0;
//initialize first number as smallest number
int small = arr[0];
//initialize first number as largest number
int large = arr[0];
// traverse all number fomr the array
for(i = 0; i < 7; i++) {
//compare smallest number with current number
if(arr[i]<small)
small = arr[i];
//compare largest number with current number
if(arr[i]>large)
large = arr[i];
}
//print smallest number from array
printf("Smallest element in array: %d", small);
//print largest number from array
printf("\nLargest element in array: %d", large);
return 0;
}
```

**Output:**

Smallest element in array: 7 Largest element in array: 62

This is the C program. This program also work with C++ compiler.

#### Java Program

**Prerequisites:**

**Java Code:**

```
public class Smallest_Largest_Element_Array {
public static void main(String[] args) {
// initialize the array
int [] arr = new int [] {67, 83, 8, 71, 29, 3, 48};
//Initialize smallest and largest element as first element
int small = arr[0];
int large = arr[0];
//traverse all elements in the array
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
//compare smallest number with current number
if(arr[i] < small)
small = arr[i];
//compare largest number with current number
if(arr[i] > large)
large = arr[i];
}
//print smallest number from the array
System.out.println("Smallest element in the array: " + small);
//print largest number from the array
System.out.println("Largest element in the array: " + large);
}
}
```

**Output:**

Smallest element in the array: 3 Largest element in the array: 83

#### Python Program

**Prerequisites:**

- Python List (Python has a list that works similarly to the array from C/C++ and Java.)
- for-loop in Python
- if-else in Python

**Python Code:**

```
#initialize the Python list
int_arr = [45, 56, 83, 4, 7, 28, 36]
#initialize first number as the smallest number
small = int_arr[0]
#initialize first number as the largest number
large = int_arr[0]
#loop over all the number in the list
for i in int_arr:
#compare smallest number with current number
if i<small:
small=i
#compare largest number with current number
if i>large:
large=i
print(f"Smallest number in the Python list: {small}")
print(f"Largest number in the Python list: {large}")
```

**Output:**

Smallest number in the Python list: 4 Largest number in the Python list: 83

We can also use the `min()`

and `max()`

method to find the smallest (minimum) and largest (maximum) number from the Python list.

#### Complexity

We are traversing elements from the array only once. So the time complexity of the algorithm is `O(n)`

where `n`

is the size of the array.

Hope this tutorial about finding smallest and largest number in the array helps you.