[Complete Roadmap] How to Become Full-Stack Developer in 2021?
This article will guide you about web development trends in 2021 and your roadmap to become a full-stack developer.
Web Development is an ever-growing and Evergreen Domain in Computer Science technologies. This may be used to develop Websites, Web apps, or Progressive web apps.
In Web Development there is continuous Development and one or the other framework is coming every day so it’s not constant. You have to pick the best.
We have to regularly update ourselves in this domain. So in this article, I will give you an Introduction to Web Development and what to learn in 2021.
Roles and Technologies Used by Full-Stack Developer
There are three main roles in web Development
This is the place where people take care of the Visible things that are the User Interaction and Interface Elements of the website. That is, you render the data in a form that is easy and looks attractive for the user to consume.
Technologies used in Font-End Development:
- Frameworks of CSS: Materialize,Bootstrap,Foundation,Skeleton.css
Check the Vue-JS guide to learn why it is gaining so much popularity.
This is the part of Development that deals with processing the data and storing and retrieving it from the database.
What’s the role of Backend Developer?
- The backend developer performs CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations with the data.
- The developer takes care of security by encrypting important information.
Popular database languages used are SQL relational databases and MongoDB also known as NoSQL databases.
Read more here.
Frameworks for Backend Development:
- Python: Django, Flask, Bottle
- PHP: Laravel
- Ruby: Ruby on rails
- Java: For Java developer, I have covered a detailed article about various Java frameworks for a web application.
Which framework is best to learn?
We can deny the fact. All these frameworks used by companies based on their requirement. Every framework has its pros and cons.
My personal choice is Python. Python is the most demanding programming language today.
If you choose Python, follow a complete Python tutorial.
Not sure about the Python framework? Go with the Django.
You can build and scale enterprise-level web applications using Django. It has more features as compare to Flask. You can read the prerequisites for learning Django.
The bottle is another Python web framework. It is the most lightweight and easy to learn. If you want to build a simple website with no authentication system, no admin panel; the bottle framework is your choice. It is even easy to learn. Refer to a simple guide to build your website using a bottle framework.
The full-stack developer takes care of both backend and Frontend Development of the web application.
If you are a beginner, start learning backend or frontend. Once you get familiar with one, focus on another. Gradually you will learn both.
I know many of my friends who were backend developers and now became a full-stack developers. This is the process. When you get involved in any one of the development, gradually you will start learning both.
Full-Stack Development Tools and Softwares
1. Text/Code Editor
This is the tool where you will basically typing your code. Some of the commonly used ones are
It is free and has lots of extensions. Its main advantage is it’s open-source(recommended)
Simple and awesome Code Editor
- The other options available are Atom, Notepad++, and much more
Based on the operating system you are working on, choose the best editor for writing code.
2. Web Browser
With the Help of which you will see your output. You have to test your website by running it on the browser. And that’s where the user will use your website.
The most popular browsers used by developers are Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox.
I would recommend installing both browsers. Test your website running on them. Almost everyone uses one of these browsers. If your websites render properly on both of the browsers, you are good to go.
3. Editor Extensions
These are some of the extra plugins or Extensions that will make your work easier.
Here some extensions I would recommend to you.
- We have Prettier in VScode to make our code look good.
- The most important one is the Live Server. With the help of which you can see the changes live in the browser.
There are many more useful extensions available in Atom and VS Code.
4. Design and Mockup:
Website designing is very important as it is your first impression of the user.
If you are a Web Designer or a UI/UX designer you need to build prototypes or designs.
Tools used for this purpose are Adobe XD, Figma, InDesign, Sketch, Photoshop, illustrator, and much more.
5. Source Code Management Tools:
- Git is the most useful source code management tool. With which, you can manage various versions of your code.
- GitHub is the repository where you can store your source code remotely. So that everyone in your team can access the project source code.
Git and Github make the best combo. These two are the most important things used in Version Controls used in big projects or when you work in teams.
How should learn FullStack Development?
This is a brief roadmap you have to follow to become a FullStack developer.
If you are interested in getting a full-stack development job, check out the full-stack developer interview questions asked in Morgan Stanley. You will get an idea of the different topics.
If you are new to web development, you might think, I have listed lots of technologies over here. Don’t pull yourself in that shadow. Focus on one technology. Learn the basics and move to another. When you start working on a real project, you will learn all these things gradually.
Do you have any further dilemma? Do you need any help? Write to me in the comment. I’m there for you.