What is the Difference between IPv4 and IPv6 IP address?
IPv4 and IPv6 are the two different versions of the IP address. We have seen detail about IPv4 address space in the previous article and IPv6 is new involvement of the IP address space.
Before getting into the difference between IPv4 and IPv6, let us begins with some questions. What are the limitations of the IPv4 address? Why there is need of new address space?
Perhaps, the answer to these questions will let you think about the necessity of new IP address space as IPv6.
Limitation of IPv4 Address:
However, IPv4 has certain limitations. It can provide around 4 billion possible addresses with its 32-bit scheme.
Do you think that these numbers of IP address are enough?
If so, you are wrong.
There are many reasons to prove it wrong. I would like to discuss two of them which are highly impactive.
Networks are getting extremely growing. And it does not abide with connecting only computers and smartphones devices.
As technology like IoT is growing drastically. More and more IP addresses are assigned to the physical objects. This physical objects can be anything like your home appliances, vehicles and what not. Every of these physical devices requires unique IP address.
To sustain this growth of IoT, IPv4 address space is not sufficient.
Begins with one more reason.
There is a limitation on the number of hosts per network. For every network, there is assigned IP address class. This class has fixed numbers of IP address associated with it.
So the number of host in the network depends on the number of address allowed in assigned particular class of IP address.
If one more host is to be added over the limit, it leads to wastage of IP addresses space. Because, For a just one IP address, one more class need to assign to the existing network or they have to be upgraded with new IP address class.
So it is sure, in the future, IPv4 address space is not sufficient. To combat with this, there is new involvement of IPv6 address space.
Before examining the difference between IPv4 and IPv6, there is nothing sneeze at IPv6 Address in short.
IPv6 Address Space:
It is the next generation IP addressing scheme with 128-bit addressing scheme expressed in hexadecimal notation.
This IP address includes 128 bits = 16 bytes = 32 Hex Digits.
Representation of IPv6 Address:
- It is represented in hexadecimal format.
- There are 8 chunks of 16 bits each.
- Each chunk is separated by a colon(:).
Example of IPv6 address is FD15:EA23:AC37:BD56:1882:981C:A6AA:1234
Difference between IPv4 and IPv6:
- IPv6 provides larger address space.
- It has extended and better header format.
- IPv6 can accommodate with Possibility of extension.
- It is more secure than IPv4.
- More options are affordable with an IPv6 address.
From the difference between IPv4 and IPv6, you can conclude that there are lots of advantages IPv6 over IPv4. Industries are inclining towards the use of IPv6 address space. This inclination will keep rising as the way IPv4 address space starts getting outreach to its limit.