SOAP is the Simple Object Access Protocol. SOAP protocol in web services is used for communication between two or more computers connected over the internet. The communication can be carried by transferring the document through a SOAP message. It is also carried out by calling a remote procedure calls using the SOAP message.
There are many protocols for data communication between computers. SOAP is mostly used as it adheres to some open standards. Some of the popular alternatives are CORBA, DCOM, and Java RMI.
Still, most of the web services use SOAP APIs for the following characteristics.
Describing characteristics of the SOAP protocol is simply asking yourself. What does make SOAP superior over all other alternatives?
REST has become very popular. It is growing immensely on the webserver for API implementation. If you are not aware of it, you can read REST API architecture.
Many people find it difficult to differentiate the SOAP and REST. Do read the difference between SOAP and REST web services.
If you have any doubts about SOAP protocol in web services, write in the comment section. I am glad to discuss and share my thought with you.